Sex & you

Sex & you

Tuesday, April 8, 2014

Condom vs Intrauterine device

Contraception is extremely important for the health of women because unwanted pregnancy and abortion can endanger women’s health both physically and emotionally. In addition, in order to enjoy a sexual intercourse, you should be protected from possible sexually transmitted infections especially when you practice sex with persons that you don’t know much.

There are several types of contraceptives and people often wonder which one is the best and most effective? In this article we will pay attention to the most popular forms of contraception – condoms and intrauterine devices. Although they don’t belong to a similar group of contraceptives there are some similarities between them.

Condoms and intrauterine devices are very different types of contraceptives. For example a condom is used only once and it is used by the male partner. Modern condoms are made of polyurethane or latex and they act in a mechanical way – they don’t allow sperms to enter the uterus and the eggs.

When we talk about intrauterine devices we should mention that there are two types of them – intrauterine device with copper wire and uterine system with a hormone depot. Both types are placed in the uterus cavity and they can be effective for around 5 years. The one with the copper wire includes a plastic device with copper wire around it. This device prevents sperm’s movement and makes the womb unsuitable for fertilization. The uterine system includes a plastic insert in a form of a cylinder with hormones in it. This system works in the same way like the one with a copper wire plus it releases hormones that prevent pregnancy.

A condom is recommended for women regardless of their age and the age of their partner. They are suitable for women that practice sex often but also for women who have sexual intercourses occasionally. Intrauterine devices and systems are recommended for women that already gave at least one birth.
When it comes to successful protection, intrauterine devices are a little bit better because they work in almost 99% of the cases. However the percentage of condoms as successful contraceptives is also very high (it is successful in 97% of the cases).

The condom is easy to use and it can be used only once. The intrauterine devices must be carried al the time but in addition it is beneficial for the menstrual period.

As far as side effects are concerned, condoms can cause various allergic reactions and all you have to do is change the type of condom that you use, while intrauterine devices can cause more problems in the form of excessive bleeding during menstrual cycles (especially at the beginning) and in rare cases women say that they experience frequent headaches, acne etc.
Besides protection from unwanted pregnancy condoms can prevent the body from sexually transmitted diseases and even from AIDS. Intrauterine devices don’t have that advantage.

Condoms can be used without consulting your doctor while intrauterine devices require a visit to the gynecologist.

No matter what type of contraception you choose, make sure that you follow the instructions and consult with your doctor if you notice any unusual effects.